By Ryan Kelly, Senior Manager, Land Acquisition

The farming and solar energy industries may appear to be at odds with each other regarding land use – both need large land positions in order to succeed. That said, solar developers and farmers have been working together for decades, forming mutually advantageous partnerships. Recent studies have found that co-locating solar energy generation facilities with active agriculture (sometimes referred to as “agrivoltaics”) can provide a wide range of benefits for crop production and pollinator habitat as well as environmentally responsible local economic development.

Many farmers are not aware of the full scope of benefits, and may not even know that leasing their land for solar projects is an option. A partnership with a solar development company could be exactly what today’s farmers need to address mounting financial challenges.

A Shifting Agricultural Landscape

In recent years, farmers across the United States have struggled with water sourcing. Drought conditions have made it difficult to properly maintain crop output without significant cost.

Throughout 2021 and 2022, farmers are feeling the squeeze of inflation. Their operating margins are shrinking as they must pay far more for weed-killing chemicals, crop seeds, fertilizer, equipment repairs and seasonal labor. Cost inputs have become harder to control, and swings in commodity prices have left farmers on uncertain financial footing.

This environment has incentivized farmers to seek additional, more reliable sources of revenue, including partnerships with solar power companies.

Benefits for Farmers and Their Community

The key benefits farmers can gain from a solar partnership include:

  • Reliable revenue stream. Revenue from leasing farmland for utility-scale solar project development can provide a stable source of annual income measured in hundreds of thousands, or even millions of dollars, depending on acreage. The solar project pays for taxes associated with the energy facilities on the leased land.
  • Long-term partnership. Partnerships with solar projects can last over 40 years. Decades of guaranteed revenue will help farmers hedge against commodity cycles and navigate industry consolidation challenges.
  • Outside-the-box land use. A non-traditional farmland use option can be especially appealing to those who newly inherited or acquired the land.
  • Building a legacy. The partnership provides an opportunity to build wealth and create a long-term legacy for generations to come.
  • More water production. Solar arrays not only reduce water use, they can allow groundwater to recharge, leading to increased natural water production over time.
  • Community support. Solar projects increase the tax base within the community, create jobs, and can even benefit schools.
  • Clean, low-cost energy. Solar projects offer an environmentally sustainable use of land resources, reduced energy costs for local homes and businesses, and reduced greenhouse emissions (compared to traditional energy generation).

Farmers and Solar Developers: A Long and Meaningful Partnership

Solar developers have a long history with the farming community. Since the 1980s, solar companies have been working with farmers of all sizes–from large high-volume agricultural producers to mid-size farms to small family-owned operations. Due to technological advancements in the solar industry, the size and scale of solar projects on farmland have greatly increased in the past five years.

Utility-scale solar companies have been leasing land from farmers for clean energy facilities that typically require 500 to 2,000 acres. Farmland underneath or near electric transmission lines is particularly appealing to solar developers because the land often requires little to no dirt work to prepare for installation.

Addressing Common Questions and Concerns

Farmers, understandably, have questions about the potential impact of solar projects on their land. Solar developers work closely with landowners to ensure all concerns are addressed before installation begins.

  • Impact to farm output. If crop production is impacted during the development of a solar project, the solar developer will ensure that the lost yield is compensated. During the operating period of the project, the farmer will receive more revenue through the solar partnership than the foregone crop production.
  • Reduction in prime cropland. Solar developers are thoughtful about the land they install on and are sensitive to crop needs. They are seeking underutilized, marginalized farmland that can be optimized through solar partnerships. Solar developers do not go after fertile land that could be used for high-yield crops
  • Reputation of entities. Some farmers are worried about working with reputable entities and need assurance that if something were to happen, the farmers would get their land back and the land would be restored to its original use. Prominent and experienced companies such as Redeux Energy can be trusted to maintain and restore all leased land at the conclusion of the project.
  • Coexistence with oil & gas activities. Farmers should be able to maximize revenue by leasing their mineral rights to oil & gas companies and their surface rights to solar developers. The two energy producers can easily coexist on shared farmland.
  • Concerns about proximity to homes, viewshed. During the development process, all concerns about the proximity and viewshed of the panels are addressed. Developers collaborate with landowners and community members to ensure agreement and comfort.

Growing Opportunity

The farming and solar industries can help each other grow. If developed strategically, solar panels can boost farm and crop productivity:

  • Agrivoltaics save water and energy while improving animal welfare
  • Planting pollinator-friendly plants under the panels, including native grasses and wildflowers, can improve crop production
  • On hot summer days, solar panels provide shade that lower temperatures and could benefit crops

As solar technology advances, farmers and solar developers will find even more ways to work together and build mutually beneficial partnerships.

Are you interested in learning more? Get in touch today.

By Joe Martin, Manager, Land Acquisition


Thousands of people around the country own land, and many are not aware of its untapped potential. On agricultural land alone, experts estimate that by installing renewable energy infrastructure on just 1% of existing underused farmland, solar panels could provide 20% of electricity for the U.S.—and farmland is only a portion of usable landholdings. The solar industry operates on just over 0.5M acres of installed capacity, but needs an additional 17 million acres of land to achieve an all-electric power production scenario by 2050, a scenario that would support sustainability and energy independence from coast-to-coast.

As landowners struggle amidst inflation, supply chain challenges and commodity cycles, a mutually beneficial partnership with a solar power producer could provide the reliable revenue stream landowners need to thrive for generations.

Underutilized land nationwide—agricultural, rangeland, transitional and post-industrial—is being given new life through solar development projects. Landowners working in farming, ranching, timber, mining and oil & gas have all discovered that their land can do more for them and their communities.

By leasing their land to solar power producers, landowners reap economic and environmental benefits while continuing operations alongside the solar facility. Here are the top 6 benefits of leasing your land for solar development:

1. New Revenue Streams

The number one incentive for most landowners who lease to solar project developers is income. Through the lease, landowners can significantly increase annual cash flow, allowing them to make more overall per acre than they would through farming, ranching, etc.

Unlike commodity markets or crop outputs, the lease income is reliable and predictable. Throughout the full life of the project–which can be over 40 years– landowners receive steady payments, supporting their family through multiple generations. This long-term stable source of passive income may be very beneficial for planning during challenging times.

2. A Long-Term Partnership  

When you partner with a solar power producer, you are investing in the future of your land. The solar developers care deeply about your land and take great care in maintaining the acreage. The multi-decade lease will generate income when the facility is in use while also fostering land regeneration. After the lease is up, the land is restored to pre-construction conditions, ready to benefit the next generation.

3. Support Energy Stability and Independence

Energy stability and independence are key concerns across the country, especially as fuel prices continue to rise. Leasing your land for solar project development creates a renewable energy source that can support your community’s energy needs. Solar energy generation projects create enormous value with minimal long-term environmental impact. For those with ESG goals, or those who are working with businesses or investors who do, solar development can help meet those goals through sustainable operations.

4. Boost Local Tax Revenues and Create Jobs

Large scale solar project development starts with the local community in mind. The developers understand local areas and landowner expectations and work closely with local stakeholders to bring the facility to life. Every project has tremendous potential to benefit the greater community through economic and workforce development. The construction and operations team for the project is sourced locally, bringing jobs directly to the region, some of which can be held for decades.

Additionally, solar development boosts local tax revenue, which supports community needs. Solar projects also improve the likelihood that the area will attract other technology and industrial development, allowing the region to continually prosper.

5. Unlock Hidden Potential in Your Land

You could be sitting on land that is very valuable for solar development and not even know it. Large, utility-scale solar projects can be built on as little as 500 acres of relatively flat land. Ideally, that land would be close to existing, high-voltage electrical transmission infrastructure and is  be impacted by flood plains or wetlands.

These projects can be designed to coexist alongside landowner activities, so if you’re leasing a portion of your land to the solar facility, you can continue using the land surrounding the solar arrays for grazing, crop growth, energy extraction, logging, etc. Giving unused–or underused–land a new purpose could notably increase your property value.

6. Hedge Against Commodity Cycles, Farm Input Inflation, and Property Tax Increases

External, sometimes international, forces can lead to unpredictable commodity cycles and farm input inflation, leaving farmers and ranchers with income instability. This can severely impact the livelihood of those in the agricultural industry, with few opportunities for alternative earnings. By leasing your land to a solar power producer, you can generate continuous revenue that acts as a reliable cushion protecting you from sharp market swings and unpredictable annual revenue sources.

As an added benefit, the solar project owner will cover any related increase in property taxes on the land they lease, further improving the financial situation of landowners.

Leasing your land and entering a long-term partnership with an experienced utility-scale solar project developer could transform your land and your community. Are you interested in learning more? Get in touch today.